What is a steroid?
The steroid is described as a fat ring with united carbon atoms. Steroids vary depending on the functional groups of the ring. Unique steroids were found in plants and animals. They play an important role in living systems as hormones. The term "steroid" is used in a restricted and specific context in different areas. In medicine, the term of steroid is used by non-endocrinologists physicians as a corticosteroid. In terms of bodybuilding, the meaning of steroid refers to anabolic steroids.
Most steroids are synthesized from cholesterol, as well sex hormones are steroids synthesized from cholesterol. In terms of bodybuilding, anabolic steroids are synthetic hormones that cause body tissue to increase muscular product. Athletes take steroids to train easier, to have more power, run faster, lift heavier weights and have a perfect shape.
How do we use steroids?
Steroids exist in injectable and oral version, but they may be available as a spray, ointment and other applications under the skin. Bodybuilders typically use more than one substance, they can take one oral and one injection, in order to achieve greater results. When using more than one substance can be used not only steroids, but they can also combine with other growth hormones, testosterone, insulin, clenbuterol, HCG, etc.
The most common method is to combine in cycles from 2 to 12 weeks, from the beginning to use small amounts and in a while to increase up to a maximum level and then minimize the dose to increase the effect and not have secondary consequences of their disruption. There can be other methods such as starting with a steroid and taking it in the same amount for a while, then continue with another steroid with other combinations. The doses you can use depend on the substances and results you want.
Injectable steroids last longer, and are injected from 2-3 days to 7-10 days in doses of 250-1000 mg per week. Oral steroids should be administered daily and several times a day in doses from 5 to 100 mg depending on the desired result.
For your safety and your health is indicated as before and after steroid use to make simple medical analysis to get sure that your body is healthy.
- cardiovascular analysis - need to control cholesterol, blood pressure, lipoproteins, triglycerides, which are important factors of influence.
- analysis of the liver - the liver is processing steroids, so it is important to inspect its operation, considering bilirubin, transaminase, etc.
- blood tests - general information about your body, it is necessary to control hemoglobin, electrolytes, globulin, albumin, etc.
- analysis of the endocrine system - the control speaks about the normal functioning of the hormonal system: estrogen, cortisone, testosterone, etc.
Steroid use brings not only side effects but also have contraindications in the administration to some persons. Taking steroids should be accepted only after reading the documents that accompany them.
Before, androgens and anabolic steroids were considered to be different substances, which might get new types of steroids that would have greater effect on muscle mass. As time has shown that they are the same substances, only act differently. Each steroid which has the effect of muscle growth has in the same time and androgen action. Still being discussed regarding the degree of action of anabolic steroids and the androgens. Androgen action of anabolic steroids is lower compared with testosterone while androgenic steroids have higher androgen effects.
Protein production is the main action of steroids on muscle cells. As steroids have a catabolic action. Steroids make the number of proteins that are destroyed in muscle tissue to be lower. Another important effect of steroids is to make the process of creating creatine - phosphate to be greater, which gives energy to the muscle cell and makes it stronger. The reversible process needs creatine - phosphate because it increases the amount of energy.
Oxandrolone is a substance that acts on the creation of creatine - phosphate in large quantities resulting the increase of muscle strength. Another thing that is important for athletes is that steroids help the muscle cells to form glycogen, which is accumulated in muscles with fluid and help increase their resistance. Muscle cells process steroids, in order to obtain nutritive assimilated substances such as glycogen and proteins in amino acid, form with minimal insulin. This helps to minimize fat and increase muscle mass, because the anabolic hormone insulin transforms the glucose in glycerin, then in triglyceride and finally to lipid accumulation.
A number of steroidal molecules are processed by the body with sex hormones and some of them are eliminated outside, another part can be transformed into female hormones estrogen. This process is called aromatization, and it appears to be impossible, after a thorough examination of male and female sex hormones is observed that they are similar. The body processes structural changes in the molecule using enzymes.
Thus, some steroidal molecules turn into dihydrotestosterone with similar, exogenous parts as testosterone. Since it is chemically similar to receptors in muscle cells compared with testosterone, experts say that dihydrotestosterone is more potent than male and female sex hormones.
Artificial androgen steroids end up in the blood and have a high capacity to bind with suitable receptors because they are kept in a free form for long, likely to unite with the receptors is longer. Products such as Nandrolone Decanoate, Dianabol, Testosterone Enanthate, Sustamed-250, and Parabolan, are more active in looking receptors because they have a higher number of free molecules. Moreover, much depends on the particular organism.
There are athletes who have a large number of receptors, they will have a satisfactory result even if they will take steroids in small doses, but others who have a small number of receptors in muscle cells will have the desired result only by taking strong artificial androgen steroids.